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7 Of The Strangest Geological Formations In The World

Nature rewards us fully, and we relish our senses of wonder and beauty all the way. But, beyond the mysteries of each land, there are also geological miracles, to which man did not contribute and breathe.

Wave Rock – Australia

 Strangest Geological

Wave Rock is a natural rock formation that is shaped like a tall breaking ocean wave. The “wave” is about 14 m (46 ft) high and around 110 m (360 ft) long. It forms the north side of a solitary hill, which is known as “Hyden Rock”. This hill, which is a granite inselberg, lies about 3 km (2 mi) east of the small town of Hyden and 296 km (184 mi) east-southeast of Perth, Western Australia.

The rock wave in Australia is a geological formation that seems to be sculptured by man’s hand rather than by nature. And that’s because the Earth resembles a wave that is waiting to be “drifted” by a surfer. The wave, experts say, formed through erosion while it was under the Earth.

This incredible rock was found in a small town in Australia, Hayden. It seems that the earth has tried to carve itself or to make a good wave to break by an experienced surfer.

This rock, made of granite, was formed by an erosion process, while underground, 60 years ago. As the earth has brought that area to the surface, the result has become what we can see today with our eyes, although it does not come to our belief that it is not made by man.


Chocolate Hills – Philippines

 Strangest Geological

The Chocolate Hills (Cebuano: Mga Bungtod sa Tsokolate; Filipino: Mga Tsokolateng Burol) are a geological formation in the Bohol province of the Philippines.There are at least 1,260 hills but there may be as many as 1,776 hills spread over an area of more than 50 square kilometers (20 sq mi). They are covered in green grass that turns brown (like chocolate) during the dry season, hence the name.


Bohol Island is home to hundreds of hills covered with greenery. These Chocolate Hills in the Philippines are almost 1,776 in number and make a “delicious” landscape. In the dry season, they become brown, from the dry vegetation, hence the name due to the similarity.

If you ever visit them you have to know that you are on a limestone marble land, millions of years old that contain marine fossils, old corals, and mollusks.

These hills were created by erosion of the water below and above, after which they were raised above the sea level. We could say it is a real hand of the artist in the middle!


Tsingy de Bemaraha National Park – Madagascar

 Strangest Geological

The Tsingy de Bemaraha National Park is a national park located in Melaky Region, northwest Madagascar. The national park centers on two geological formations: the Great Tsingy and the Little Tsingy. Together with the adjacent Tsingy de Bemaraha Strict Nature Reserve, the National Park is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Tsingy de Bemaraha National Park in Madagascar is also known as the Stone Forest.
The incredible rock formation is part of the UNESCO Heritage, especially because this forest is home to many endangered species such as Loris monkeys.

As it happens most of the time, the name of the geographic miracle shows the clearest description of the place you want to know more about. Thus, in translation, this tourist spot is called “The place where you can not step away”.

These karst formations were born following the erosion of the mountain areas, which took place both vertically and horizontally, creating stunning images of the trees that make up the cracks or caves of the rocks.


Cave of the Crystals – Mexic

 Strangest Geological

Cave of the Crystals or Giant Crystal Cave (Spanish: Cueva de los Cristales) is a cave connected to the Naica Mine at a depth of 300 metres (980 ft), in Naica, Chihuahua, Mexico. The main chamber contains giant selenite crystals (gypsum, CaSO4·2 H2O), some of the largest natural crystals ever found. The cave’s largest crystal found to date is 12 m (39 ft) in length, 4 m (13 ft) in diameter and 55 tons in weight. The cave is extremely hot, with air temperatures reaching up to 58 °C (136 °F) with 90 to 99 percent humidity.

Located in the depths of a mine in southern Chihuahua, Mexico, these crystals have formed into a naturally enclosed cave full of rocks.
A geode full of spectacular crystals, tall pines and, in some cases, even larger than those in the circumference, they are found in translucent shades of gold and silver, in vibrant colors and in many incredible forms.
The giant crystals cave was discovered in the same limestone body that houses the silver-zinc-lead ore exploited by the mine and was probably dissolved by the same hydrothermal fluids that deposited the metals and the gypsum was crystallized in During the mineralization stages.
Because of the very high temperature and humidity, specialists can not spend more than 10 minutes inside without suffering, so sorry, this tourist destination is just admired not to visit (not even in the near future ).


Giant’s Causeway – Northern Ireland

 Strangest Geological

The Giant’s Causeway is an area of about 40,000 interlocking basalt columns, the result of an ancient volcanic eruption. It is located in County Antrim on the north coast of Northern Ireland, about three miles (4.8 km) northeast of the town of Bushmills.
It was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1986, and a national nature reserve in 1987 by the Department of the Environment for Northern Ireland.

UNESCO Natural Reserve located in Antrim County in Northern Ireland, Giant’s Causeway is a splendid testimony to the wild outbursts of nature because these formations are created by volcanic eruptions. These intertwined basal columns reaching an impressive number of approximately 40000 pieces were formed by the rapid cooling of the lava and are largely hexagonal.

The rocky formation is truly impressive and due to the symmetry it seems to be made by man’s hand, that is why it continues to be a major tourist attraction in Northern Ireland.

According to geological studies, the whole process involved three successive lava leaks, known as Primary, Middle and Upper Basins. The middle basal spill is what gave birth to the columns currently forming the Giant’s Causeway geological complex. With the rapid cooling of the lava, its contractions, caused by the temperature variations recorded over time, led to the completion of the current forms.

The contraction in the vertical direction reduced the viscosity of the lava without breaking the freshly raised columns; Horizontal contractions did not even lead to the collapse of the columns, but only caused deep cracks in the primary lava layer. The size of the columns is generally determined by the speed at which lava is cooled.


Devils Tower – USA

 Strangest Geological

Devils Tower (also Bear Lodge Butte) is a laccolithic butte composed of igneous rock in the Bear Lodge Mountains (part of the Black Hills) near Hulett and Sundance in Crook County, northeastern Wyoming, above the Belle Fourche River. It rises dramatically 1,267 feet (386 m) above the Belle Fourche River, standing 867 feet (265 m) from summit to base. The summit is 5,112 feet (1,559 m) above sea level.


In the northeastern state of Wyoming, USA, there is the first national monument of the United States, which has both unique and sacred geological features, this formation being a place of awe for indigenous tribes. The formation of this rock is still a subject of debate among the scientists, but it is considered to be an intrusion into the magma that could have occurred due to rapid cooling inside the earth for later exposure to the erosion of the upper layers of the surrounding earth. Erosion continues even today due to rain and snow.


Fingal’s Cave – Scotland

 Strangest Geological

Fingal’s Cave is a sea cave on the uninhabited island of Staffa, in the Inner Hebrides of Scotland, known for its natural acoustics. The National Trust for Scotland owns the cave as part of a National Nature Reserve. It became known as Fingal’s Cave after the eponymous hero of an epic poem by 18th-century Scots poet-historian James Macpherson.


Fingal’s cave is on a small uninhabited island, Staffa, Scotland. The size of the island is only 400 meters in width and 1 km in length. Most of the coast is made up of basalt cliffs. The cave was formed by washing the rock by the sea.

The island has many different caves, but you can reach the Fingal Cave in the rest of the caves – either on the water or during the reflux, as they are hidden under water. In prehistoric times, the island was covered with glaciers. Then the water level increased and the island diminished, becoming quite small, and now it is part of the Inner Hybrid Islands.

Fingal’s cave is located in the southern part of the island. In height, the cave reaches twenty meters in length – 75 meters. The acoustics of the cave is unique, surf sounds all over the cave, creating live music as in the concert hall, so Fingal’s Cave is called “the singing cave.” The columns you see on the island and inside the cave were carved from lava flows.

The beauty of the cave was the muse of the creations in the works of many artists of the world. Composer Felix Mendelssohn composed an inspired overture of the sounds he, he says, heard during his visit to the cave. The height of the Fingal Cave and the arched roof give the atmosphere of a natural cathedral. The strange sounds are produced by the wind or current waves that form bizarre echoes. Many tourists tried to capture the sounds of the wind on recordings or filming, but even the best performers did not manage to replicate this to true intensity.


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About Unknown

Le Minh Hieu is a national-level weightlifter and a Singapore Weightlifting sports performance coach. Hieu's biggest passion is helping everyone find confidence, happiness, and health through fitness.


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